The poorest town in Alabama is Oak Hill, Wilcox County

This Town Has Been Named the Poorest in Alabama, And Its Name Is Shocking!

The poorest town in Alabama is Oak Hill, Wilcox County. It has a poverty rate of 42.7%, compared to the state’s poverty rate of 17.8%. The median household income in Oak Hill is $9,286, compared to the state’s median household income of $44,758.

Oak Hill is a small, unincorporated community with a population of just over 1,000 people. It is located in the Black Belt region of Alabama, which is one of the poorest regions in the country. Oak Hill has a long history of poverty, dating back to the days of slavery. After the Civil War, the town became a center for sharecropping, which kept many residents in poverty.

Today, Oak Hill is still struggling to overcome poverty. The town has a high unemployment rate and a lack of economic opportunities. Many residents rely on government assistance programs to make ends meet. However, despite its challenges, Oak Hill is a resilient community. Residents are working to improve their town and create a better future for themselves and their children.

This article delves into the factors contributing to Oak Hill’s poverty and explores the ongoing efforts to overcome these challenges.

A Glimpse of Oak Hill

Oak Hill, an unincorporated community nestled in the Black Belt region of Alabama, has a population of just over 1,000. With a history rooted in poverty dating back to the days of slavery, Oak Hill became a center for sharecropping after the Civil War, trapping many residents in a cycle of poverty that persists today.

Factors Contributing to Poverty in Oak Hill

Lack of Economic Opportunities

Oak Hill’s economy relies heavily on agriculture, but the decline of the farming sector has limited job opportunities. The town’s small, rural nature exacerbates the issue, forcing residents to travel long distances in search of work.

High Unemployment Rate

Oak Hill grapples with a disproportionately high unemployment rate, surpassing both state and national averages. This stems from a combination of limited economic opportunities, the decline in agriculture, and low educational attainment levels among residents.

Low Educational Attainment Levels

The educational attainment levels in Oak Hill fall below state and national averages. A significant portion of the population lacks a high school diploma, creating barriers to securing well-paying jobs. Poverty, limited access to quality education, and discrimination contribute to these lower educational achievement levels.

Poor Health Outcomes

Residents of Oak Hill face worse health outcomes than the state and national averages. High incidences of chronic diseases, coupled with lower life expectancy, highlight the community’s health challenges. Factors such as poverty, limited access to quality healthcare, and unhealthy lifestyles contribute to these disparities.


As a predominantly African American community, Oak Hill reflects historical patterns of discrimination that persist today. African Americans face higher unemployment rates, lower educational attainment levels, and poorer health outcomes compared to their white counterparts.

Resilience and Ongoing Efforts

Despite the formidable challenges, Oak Hill is a resilient community. Residents are actively working to improve their town and break free from the chains of poverty. The town is implementing various initiatives to address the root causes of its economic struggles.

Attracting New Businesses and Industries

Oak Hill is taking steps to attract new businesses and industries to the area. Offering tax breaks and other incentives, the town aims to create additional job opportunities for its residents, providing a much-needed economic boost.

Improving Education and Job Training Programs

Recognizing the importance of education, Oak Hill is focused on enhancing the quality of its schools and expanding job training programs. By equipping residents with valuable skills, the town aims to improve their chances of securing well-paying jobs.

Expanding Access to Healthcare

Access to quality healthcare is a crucial aspect of overcoming poverty. Oak Hill is actively working to expand healthcare services for residents, promoting overall well-being and mitigating the financial burdens associated with medical expenses.


Oak Hill, the poorest town in Alabama, faces multifaceted challenges rooted in historical and contemporary factors. The community’s commitment to change is evident in its efforts to attract businesses, enhance education, and improve healthcare access. While the road to overcoming poverty is long, the collaboration between the town government, community organizations, and residents provides hope for a brighter future for Oak Hill and its inhabitants.

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