In 1879, the Geological Survey of Indiana published the findings of E.T. Cox, which detailed the discovery of Ancient burial mounds. The survey revealed that one of the sites was even flattened to make room for a county road.
Cox also shared maps depicting the locations of ancient cities within Indiana. One such city was located in Winchester, Indiana, situated between White River and Sugar Creek. According to the records, this city had fort walls that spanned 1000 feet in width and 1320 feet in length. Within the city, there were 300 acres of land, and at its center stood a large mound measuring 100 feet wide and 9 feet tall.
According to a newspaper report, bones believed to be those of prehistoric people were discovered thirteen years later. The bones were found along with giant bones.
In October 26, 1892, a remarkable discovery was made near Crawfordsville, Indiana. Around 2 miles away, there was a towering bluff called Sugar Creek, which revealed the remains of over 25 skeletons. These skeletons were described as being of remarkable size, often referred to as giants.
The article mentioned that the bones being removed were identified as mammoth bones. This discovery sparked excitement among the scientific students from Wabash College who were at the site. They carefully unearthed the bones and transported them back to the archaeology department for further study.
The burial site’s final skeleton reportedly belonged to a “gigantic” individual, measuring 7 feet in length. The femur confirmed its giant origin, while the pelvic bones were twice the size of an average human’s. Remarkably, the skull was also enormous and featured a complete set of teeth that were neither cracked nor decayed. The teeth’s enamel had a beautifully polished marble appearance.
The bones were described by the scientists as being perfectly preserved, despite having been underground for centuries. According to them, two of the skeletons showed signs of immature development, while the rest were believed to belong to a long-extinct race of men.
The students speculated that the skeletons belonged to a tribe of aborigines. However, this was only their assumption. Unlike other burial mounds, no other items were discovered with the skeletons. In contrast, at a nearby site, numerous instruments of warfare and utensils were unearthed.
The equipment found at the site consisted mainly of stone, copper, shell, and bone. Additionally, archaeologists discovered arrowheads and pottery among the artifacts. Interestingly, all of the skeletons were buried together in a single large mass.
Ten skeletons were discovered in close proximity, positioned towards the setting sun, and arranged in a sitting posture. The origin of these skeletons was unraveled when the scientists inquired about their presence. A farmer came forward and revealed that half a century ago, a tree was uprooted at this exact location, revealing three massive skeletons.
General Lew Wallace recounted an intriguing tale of a man who had been digging for gold along the banks of Sugar Creek many years ago. According to the man, he believed that the gold had been buried during the time when tribes inhabited the land. This belief was influenced by a story passed down by his grandfather, which spoke of a hidden Spanish treasure in the very location where he was digging.
No gold was discovered, but instead, numerous artifacts were unearthed with every shovel of soil. Unfortunately, there is no further information available regarding the fate of the skeletons. They were respectfully reinterred and the mounds were carefully restored to their original state.